Government of India Government of India

Schemes & Projects

Sub-Scheme on Formulation of GIS-Based Master Plans for 500 AMRUT Cities

Dashboard

Formulation of GIS-based Master/Development Plans for 500 AMRUT Cities is one of the important reforms under AMRUT, which has been approved in October 2015 as a 100% centrally funded sub-scheme.

Objectives:

  • To develop common digital geo-referenced base maps and land use maps using Geographical Information System (GIS) and 
  • Master Plan Formulation for 500 AMRUT Cities

 The Components of the Scheme:

  • Urban Database Creation at the scale of 1:4000 as per Design & Standards 
  • Formulation of Master Plan of the city as per the State Town & Country Planning Act on the GIS base map 
  • Capacity Building at 3 levels

Budget 

The total cost of the Sub Scheme is Rs. 515.00 crores, of which geo-spatial database creation is about Rs. 115.90 crores, cost of plan formulation including data collection & analysis is Rs. 388.25 crores and Capacity Building is Rs.10.85 crores. 

MoU with NRSC

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for creation of geo-spatial database between MoHUA and NRSC has been signed in August 2016. Rs. 7.35 Cr. has been released to NRSC for creation of geodatabase of 241 towns in 20 States.

Financial Progress and Physical Progress  Dashboard

  • Accomplishments
  • Design & Standards has been finalized for geodatabase creation.
  • Model Request for Proposal (RFP) Template for procurement of consultancy services for formulation of GIS-based master plans has finalized.
  • State Action Plan (SAP) Template prepared for the release of central funds.
  • National Meet of the SMDs/State Nodal Officers was held on 13.05.2016, 20.10.2016 , 22.09.2017 and 05.07.2019 with a total participation of 353 officers to discuss modalities of implementation of the Scheme. 
  • A National Monitoring & Review Committee meeting under the Chairmanship of CP,TCPO was constituted by the Ministry. Two meetings of the Committee held on 06.11.17 and 12th  January 2018. 

National Urban Information System

Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has launched National Urban Information System (NUIS) Scheme in March, 2006 to develop GIS databases for 137 towns/cities (As on date the total no. of towns in NUIS Scheme is 152. The inclusion/addition/deletion of towns as requested by State Govt. and approved by TAC) in the Country in two scales i.e., 1:10,000 and 1:2000. Apart from spatial data, the Scheme has another component i.e. National Urban Data Bank and Indicators (NUDBI). The spatial and attribute databases thus generated will be useful for preparation of Master/Development plans, detailed town planning schemes and serve as decision support for e-governance. The total outlay of the scheme is Rs. 66.28 Crores of which 75% will be borne by the Central Govt. and the 25% will be the State, matching share. The work of spatial data will be undertaken by the Survey of India, Dehradun, the National Mapping Agency. Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs and the National Mapping Agency serway of India on 13th March 2006 for Urban Spatial data generation.

NUIS Scheme Guidelines: Town & Country Planning Organisation, Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has prepared Guidelines for implementation of NUIS scheme.

NUIS Scheme and Design Standards: For effective implementation of NUIS Scheme, Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has constituted NUIS Standards Committee (NSC) on June 12, 2002. The Authoring Group of NUIS Design and Standards prepared a draft report, which outlines the content at 1:10,000/ 1:2,000/1:1,000 scales, Design Standards framework, USIS, NUDB&I and NUO data elements to be adopted as National NUIS Standards. The standards address different levels of planning and management and a comprehensive document has been finalized, which has been approved by the Technical Coordination Committee (TCC) of NNRMS-Standing Committee-Urban on 3rd May 2006.

Road Map of NUIS Scheme: Town & Country Planning Organisation, Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has prepared for proper implementation of the scheme. The Road Map Contains components of NUIS Scheme stepwise major activities, stakeholders, fund management schedules and milestones for implementation of NUIS Scheme.

The Capacity Building is one of the major objectives of NUIS Scheme. About 30 training programmes, 20 participants per each programme at various levels, over a period of two years, have to be organised to train the urban managers and field staff in the areas of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS). In order to achieve the same, as per the NUIS Guidelines, the Capacity Building has been decentralised and major Training Institutes like IIRS Dehradun, NRSA Hyderabad, STI (SOI) Hyderabad, SAC, Ahmedabad, IRS-AU, Chennai and RRSSCs, who are imparting training in the areas of Remote Sensing and GIS application in Urban planning and management have been identified. The State Nodal Agencies have to identify and nominate the personnel for Capacity Building programmes Organised by TCPO/MoUD in the prescribed nomination form.

TAC has constituted the Monitoring and Implementation group to resolve all technical and operational issues, to finalised timelines for activities, to resolve the issues related to Area of mapping, Data Acquisition, Generation of GIS Database, Integration of 1:10,000 & 1:2000 Scale spatial database, Issues related to NUDB&I, to monitor the mapping of Utilities, to assure the quality of data through required quality check, to suggest the methodology for application development, to develop real time sample data base and provide training to State agencies. The Monitoring and Implementation group is meeting regularly and finalized the timelines for activities of the Scheme and implementation.

All the deliverables have been delivered to the State Nodal Agencies.

Scheme is successfully completed on 31st March 2016.

Urban Mapping Scheme

In 1991 there were 4615 towns and cities housing 217 million population (25%) of which only about 1200 towns has Master Plans. As base map to an appropriate scale is a pre-requisite for any planning exercise, the inadequacy of these was grossly felt. As Urban maps needed to be multipurpose to be used by various agencies like Town Planning Departments, Local Bodies, Public Works Departments, Services and Utilities Agencies, Taxation Department, Directorate of Survey and Land Records etc. for planning and monitoring of development and management of towns, the scheme envisaged use of modern technique of aerial photography and remote sensing for preparation and updating of existing base maps by adopting computer based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and the techniques of remote sensing for urban planning and development, particularly in monitoring the dynamic aspects of the urban environment.

To meet the requirement of base maps for towns and cities, a pilot scheme for preparing large-scale urban maps using aerial photography for 53 towns was taken up durin the Eighth Five Year Plan.  The project envisaged development of technical capabilities of the town planning organisations at Central and State level so as to enable updating of the maps in a revision cycle.   
In the first phase, 25 towns from six States were selected on priority basis for coverage under this scheme, in consultation with the State Governments, by the Town and Country Planning Organisation (TCPO), the implementing agency.  The work of aerial photography and mapping was assigned to NRSA.  
Subsequently, aerial photography and mapping of 28 towns from 19 states covered under the second phase were identified and entrusted to NRSA. The entire Work of Aerial photography and mapping of all 53 towns has been completed by NRSA in December 2004. All the maps generated under the Scheme have been sent to respective State Town Planning Departments for their use. 

Funding

Initially the allocation was for Rs. 4.57 Crores which was enhanced to Rs. 20.39 crores due to increase in area under mapping, costs and change in the technology from analogue photogrammetry to digital mapping and further after firming up the area with NRSA the budget estimate will finally amount to.The total expenditure incurred under the Scheme (both phases) amounts to Rs. 20.19 crores.

Data  Base Organisation And Map Generation

The UMS base maps generated from the aerial photographs are broadly organised into 107 feature classes corresponding to 5 land use classes namely Built-up Structure, Contours, Open Space/Forest, River/Canal and Road/Rail. Each feature class represents a layer in the composite data sets containing 107 layers in DWG format in AutoCAD. The layers depending on the geographic features are stored as point, polyline or  polygon features besides labels as text layer.
 Existing data contains following features in form of layers in DWG format consist of spatial data i.e. Polyline, Polygon and Point and including Annotation.  These layers included :

  • Boundaries
  • Built-up Structures
  • Contours
  • Open Space/Forest
  • River/Canal
  • Road/Rail

These layers included sub Features like forest & plantation boundaries and official, industrial building, contours( thick & thin ), river, ponds, river fill, stream ( single & double) Road (metal & un metalled) footpath etc.  The sheet wise data is in the form of CAD drawings included different layers of features; these drawings were prepared on the basis of aerial photography/ aerial survey flown in year 1998.  

Observations

  • The major problem noticed by the NRSA and State Governments is regarding securing clearance of Ministry of Defence for aerial photography due to which aerial photography of towns namely Asansol, Siliguri, Guwahati  and Pondichery was held up resulting in delays in the execution of the project.
  • Beside the Town Planning Departments are not getting adequate funds for procurement of hardware and software for processing /using/updating the maps.          
  • The Urban Mapping Scheme as a pilot project has paved way for the use of accurate map as well as introduction to modern mapping methods for effective urban planning.  However, the coverage of 53 towns under the      project is negligible in view of 4378 Urban Agglomerations and towns/ cities in the country requiring base maps for urban planning.  
  • Mapping; using modern methods will have to be undertaken in phases due to budget constraints and it has been included as part of National Urban Information System Scheme under the X Five year Plan

Use and Application of UMS Database

ll the maps generated under the scheme have been sent to the respective State Town Planning Departments for their use. From the feedback during the Technical Advisory Committee meeting it was observed that these maps are not only being used for updating Master Plans by the Town Planning Departments but also by other allied agencies such as Utilities deptts. eg. Water Supply Board, Telecom deptt. etc.

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